Wax

Beeswax and carnauba wax are the most commonly used waxes in shoe polish, with paraffin wax being used less often. However, I believe Venetian shoe cream is composed of a liquid paraffin mixed with turpentine. All hydrocarbons from paraffin wax to mineral oil fall into the paraffin class.
Venetian Shoe Cream-1

Kiwi lists carnauba wax as the wax ingredient in their standard paste polish.
Kiwi-Shoe-Polish

Other wax options, not as frequently used in shoe polish, are Japan wax and Candelilla wax.

Each wax has a different degree of hardness, which is somewhat reflected in its melting point.

Waxes in order of hardness:

Carnauba Wax: Melting Point (183F), source (leaves of the palm plant Copernicia prunifera grown in Brazil).
Palm

Candelilla Wax: Melting Point (155F), source (candelilla shrub found in Southwest U.S. and Northern Mexico).
Candelilla

Beeswax: Melting Point (145F), source (honey bees).
Beeswax3

Paraffin Wax: Melting Point (140F), source (petroleum distillate – paraffin class hydrocarbon).
Oil_well

Japan Wax: Melting Point (124F), source (fruit of the Rhus Succedanea tree grown in Japan).
Rhus

Some polishes use a combination of waxes.

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